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Kamis, 26 Mei 2011

Characteristics Akhal-Teke Horses Breeds Videos

The Akhal-Teke from Turkmen Ahalteke, [ahal'teke]) is a horse breed from Turkmenistan, where they may be a national emblem.They may be noted for their speed and for endurance on long marches. These "golden-horses" are adapted to severe climatic conditions and are thought to become among the oldest surviving horse breeds. You'll find at the moment about 3,500 Akhal-Tekes inside the globe, mostly in Turkmenistan and Russia, although they may be also found all through Europe, Australia and North America.
The breed became well-liked with all the Russians, who established a breeding population at their state stud farms. Many Akhal-Tekes had been bred in the Tersk Stud in the northern Caucasus Mountains, and later moved with all the head breeder Vladimir Petrovich Shamborant for the Dagestan Studfarm.

Breed characteristics

The Akhal-Teke commonly stands between 14.2 and 16 hands. These horses are popular for all those folks that have a golden buckskin or palomino color with a distinct metallic sheen. Having said that, quite a few other colours are recognized, like bay, black, chestnut, palomino, cremello, perlino and grey. The Akhal-Teke's most notable and defining characteristic is the natural metallic bloom of its coat.This can be specially noticed inside the palominos and buckskins, as well as the lighter bays, while some horses "shimmer" more than other folks. The color pattern is believed to have been utilized as camouflage within the desert.The cream gene that produces buckskin and palomino is really a dilution gene that also creates the occasional cremello and perlino. Akhal-Tekes will not be believed to carry the dun gene or roan gen

The Akhal-Teke includes a fine head having a straight or slightly convex profile, and lengthy ears. It also has almond-shaped eyes.The mane and tail are typically sparse. The extended back is lightly muscled, and is coupled to a flat croup and lengthy, upright neck. The Akhal-Teke possess sloping shoulders and thin skin. These horses have strong, tough, but fine limbs. They have a rather slim body and ribcage (like an equine version of the greyhound), having a deep chest. The conformation is typical of horses bred for endurance more than distance. The Akhal-Tekes are lively and alert, using a reputation for bonding to only one particular person.
Akhal-Teke is a horse
Akhal-Teke is a horse
 The breed is difficult and resilient, having adapted to the harshness of Turkmenistan lands, where horses have to reside not having a lot food or water. This has also produced the horses superior for sport. The breed has fantastic endurance, as shown in 1935 when a group of Turkmen riders rode the 2500 miles from Ashgabat to Moscow in 84 days, which includes a three-day crossing of 235 miles of desert with no water. The Akhal-Teke is also acknowledged for its form and grace as a show jumper.

Breed historical past

The ancestors in the breed may possibly date back to animals living three,000 years ago, identified by quite a few names, but most often as the Nisean horse.Even so, the precise ancestry is tricky to trace, since before about 1600 AD, horse breeds within the modern-day sense did not exist; rather, horses had been identified by neighborhood strain or kind.

In accordance with some, the Akhal-Teke were kept hidden by their tribesmen. The place where the breed initially appeared, the Turkmenistan desert Kara Kum, is often a rocky, flat desert surrounded by mountains. Nonetheless, others claim that the horses are descendants with the mounts of Mongol raiders in the 13th and 14th century.

The breed is pretty equivalent towards the now-extinct Turkoman Horse, the moment bred in neighboring Iran. Some historians believe that the two are unique strains of the same breed. It is a disputed "chicken or egg" question whether or not the influential Arabian was either the ancestor of the breed or was developed out of this breed. It is also probable that the so-called "hot blooded" breeds, the Arabian, Turkoman, Akhal-Teke along with the Barb all created from a single "oriental horse" predecessor (see Domestication in the horse, Four foundations theory).

Tribesmen of Turkmenistan first applied the horses for raiding. They selectively bred the horses, keeping records from the pedigrees by way of an oral tradition. The horses had been referred to as "Argamaks" by the Russians, and were cherished by the nomads.
Akhal-Teke breed
Akhal-Teke breed

In 1881, Turkmenistan became part from the Russian Empire. The tribes fought with all the tsar, at some point losing. The Russian general Kuropatkin created a fondness for horses he had observed although fighting the tribesmen, founded a breeding farm after the war and renamed the horses "Akhal-Tekes," following the Teke Turkmen tribe that lived near the Akhal oasis. The Russians printed the initial studbook in 1941, which included 287 stallions and 468 mares.

The Akhal-Teke has had influence on quite a few breeds, possibly like the Thoroughbred as a result of the Byerly Turk (which may perhaps have been Akhal-Teke, an Arabian or perhaps a Turkoman Horse), among the three foundation stallions from the breed. Three other stallions, known as the "Lister Turk", the "White Turk" as well as the "Yellow Turk" also contributed for the foundation with the Thoroughbred breed.[8] The Trakehner has also been influenced by the Akhal-Teke, most notably by the stallion Turkmen-Atti, as have the Russian breeds Don, Budyonny, Karabair, and Karabakh.

The breed suffered tremendously when the Soviet Union necessary horses to become slaughtered for meat, although nearby Turkmen refused to eat it.At one point only 1,250 horses remained and export from the Soviet Union was banned.

The government of Turkmenistan now utilizes the horses as diplomatic presents along with auctioning a handful of to raise funds for improved horse breeding programs. Male horses usually are not gelded in Central Asia.

In the early 20th century, crossbreeding among the Thoroughbred plus the Akhal-Teke took spot, aiming to create a faster long-distance racehorse.Nonetheless, the Anglo Akhal-Tekes had been not as resilient as their Akhal-Teke ancestors, and numerous died as a result of harsh circumstances of Central Asia. Right after the 2,600 mile endurance race from Ashkabad to Moscow in 1935, when the pure-breds finished in much greater condition than the part-breds, the studbook management made the decision to think about all crossbred horses born after 1936 as not purebred. Horses with English 

Thoroughbred ancestors born prior to that date had been permitted to remain within the studbook (e.g. 044 Tillyakush, grandson of Thoroughbred Burlak or 831 Makh, granddaughter of Thoroughbred Blondelli and great-great-granddaughter of Thoroughbred Junak). Because 1973, all foals should be blood-typed to be accepted in the stud book to be able to shield the purity. A stallion not producing the ideal variety of horse could be removed. The stud book was closed in 1975.
Akhal-Teke Stats

Nation of Origin: Middle East
Use currently: These days they excel in sport, specifically in racing, show jumping, dressage and endurance racing.
Color: Bay, gray, black, dun, chestnut and gold.
Height: 14.3 to 16 hands 
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds

Profile: With its unusual, gazelle-like look, the Akhal-Teke (Ah-cull Tek-y) is an unbelievably distinctive breed. Specialists say the Akhal-Teke breed is at the least 3,000 years old. The Akhal-Teke could possibly be the final remaining strain from the Turkmene (a horse that has existed since 2400 B.C.). In the Middle Ages (500 to 1500 A.D.), Akhal-Tekes lived with nomadic tribesmen near the Kopet Dag Mountains in Turkmenistan. The nomads treated the horses as component of their households, tethering them near their shelters. Within the early 1900s, Russians utilized Akhal-Tekes as cavalry horses. Currently they excel in sport, especially in racing, show jumping, dressage and endurance racing.

Characteristics: The Akhal-Teke’s coat has a metallic sheen, although some shimmer additional than others. The unusually thin, but versatile neck makes it seem ‘above the bit’ by modern day requirements, nevertheless, this flexibility is deemed an asset. The Akhal-Teke created in a rocky, flat desert so the breed evolved using a lengthy narrow frame, which developed a flat, gliding gait

Genetic illnesses

There are numerous genetic diseases of concern to Akhal-Teke breeders. The genetic diversity with the breed is relatively low with an AVK of 30-50%, which raises worries for dealing with an increase in carriers of these circumstances, and also some threat of inbreeding depression. To date, you'll find no DNA tests for these conditions.

Naked Foal Syndrome or Hairless Foal Syndrome is probably an autosomal, lethal recessive gene, though the exact inheritance pattern has not still been verified. It seems to be related in clinical signs, although not identical to junctional epidermolysis bullosa (JEB) located in the Belgian horse and yet another situation of a related nature identified in the American Saddlebred.The defect causes foals to become born without having any hair coat, mane or tail. In some scenarios, the front teeth are in at birth or molars develop abnormally from usual jaws. Other signs and symptoms contain persistent diarrhea, frequent digestive disorders and laminitis-like, treatment-resistant rotation of the coffin bones inside the hooves. Due the lack of usual skin protection, secondary signs and symptoms include scaly, dry and inflamed skin, as well as serious instances of sunburn in summer time and frequent pulmonary infections in the course of winter.
NFS is usually fatal, most foals die within weeks of birth, though some horses have survived as much as the age of two years. Early demise is often due to digestive challenges, whereas older horses need to be humanely euthanized as a consequence of severe laminitis-induced discomfort. Situations had been recorded inside the Akhal-Teke breed as early as 1938. In spite of the breed's restricted population, naked foals have already been born in each and every country in which the breed is represented, like the USA. Some 35 carriers have been ascertained, which includes 943 Arslan, 736 Keymir, 2001 Mariula or 1054 Gilkuyruk, but the estimated number of unknown circumstances is very most likely much increased, as numerous Russian and Turkmenian breeders have acknowledged that several NFS foals are typically just reported as stillborn or aborted.

Hereditary cryptorchidism is extremely common inside the Akhal-Teke breed and many instances exist where afflicted stallions is often traced by many generations. The influential foundation sire, 2a Boinou, was a cryptorchid as outlined by specialists of the breed. Other verified cryptorchids contain 779 Peren, 1248 Orlan, 971 Khalif, and Garayusup.1069 Kortik created 3 cryptorchid sons. Not like most European and lots of North American breed organisations, neither Russia nor Turkmenistan bar cryptorchids from breeding. Cryptorchidism is mentioned to become related to well being and character issues, for instance testicular cancer and malignant behaviour. Affected horses trigger drastically larger charges when castrated

Wobbler syndrome, noticed inside a variety of breeds, including the Thoroughbred, is believed to be on the enhance within the Akhal-Teke. Of distinct concern is the kind generally known as cervical vertebral malformation (CVM), which may possibly also be linked to Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) to a certain extent. There's a genetic component to Wobbler's, but components which include breeding Akhal-Teke horses for selected conformation in the neck and management of young stock for forced development and higher size may possibly also play a role.

The Akhal-Teke is 1 of several breeds that is prone to degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD)Some animals also possess a condition known as "Kissing Spine.
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds

Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds

Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds

Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds
Characteristics  Akhal-Teke Horses  Breeds

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